Author(s): Ramos-Rodriguez AJ, Timerman D, Khan A, Bonomo L, Hunjan MK, Lemor A
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory disease that significantly affects the patient’s quality of life. Multiple studies have shown a strong association between HS and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Our primary goal was to explore the in-hospital burden of HS on patients with IBD. Our secondary goal was to establish unique baseline characteristics and comorbidities of IBD patients with HS.
METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study using the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database for the years 2004 through 2014. All patients with ICD-9 CM codes for any diagnosis of IBD and HS were included. The primary outcome was the medical and financial burden of HS on patients with IBD. Medical burden was measured by in-hospital morbidity and mortality, and financial burden was measured by resource utilization.
RESULTS: A total of 3,079,332 admissions with IBD were recorded, of which 4369 had a concomitant diagnosis of HS. IBD-HS patients were significantly younger and mostly African-American females; they were more likely to be smokers, obese, and have diabetes mellitus, depression, and anemia. There was no mortality difference between the IBD-HS and IBD-only groups; nevertheless, there was a higher likelihood of developing sepsis in the IBD-HS cohort (4.9% vs. 2.6%; P < 0.001). Patients with IBD-HS had an increased hospital length of stay (5 vs. 4 days; P < 0.001) and higher total hospitalization costs ($13,272 vs. $12,237; P = 0.013).
CONCLUSIONS: This large-scale study strengthens the evidence that these two inflammatory conditions are truly associated and establishes their joint effect on overall morbidity, mortality, and resource utilization.
Dermatology Journal and/or Publisher
Journal Name: International journal of dermatology
Journal Abbreviation: Int. J. Dermatol.
Journal Date Published:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
Article Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29431201
Lasted Revision: 2018-02-12
Abstract Source: National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine Abstract Query for Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS).