Squamous cell carcinoma complicating a chronic lesion of hidradenitis suppurativa: a case report and review of the literature

Hidradenitis suppurativa Research

Author(s): Jourabchi N, Fischer AH, Cimino-Mathews A, Waters KM, Okoye GA

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) arising from chronic hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is rare; however, the morbidity associated with this presentation is high and management has not been standardised or optimised. We present a case of HS of the perineum and buttocks complicated by SCC, requiring multiple extensive surgical resections. Adjuvant radiotherapy was withheld initially because of concern for poor healing of the surgical wound but was eventually initiated after a second recurrence was identified. The patient ultimately expired 4 years after the initial diagnosis of SCC. We also review 80 cases of SCC complicating HS found in the English literature. Case reports and mechanistic studies suggest the possibility that human papilloma virus and smoking may be risk factors associated with SCC in HS. Despite the majority of SCC cases being well-differentiated tumours in HS, the highly aggressive nature of SCC in HS and its high likelihood for rapid progression, recurrence, metastasis and high mortality suggests the need to advocate for aggressive treatment. We recommend an aggressive approach to management at the time of SCC diagnosis in HS, which includes appropriate imaging to establish the extent of the tumour, large and deep surgical excision, sentinel lymph node evaluation, consultation with radiation oncology for potential adjuvant radiation therapy and close surveillance.

Dermatology Journal and/or Publisher

Journal Name: International wound journal
Journal Abbreviation: Int Wound J
Journal Date Published: 2016-09-29

National Center for Biotechnology Information

PMID: 27681476
Article Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27681476
Lasted Revision: 2017-11-07

Abstract Source: National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine Abstract Query for Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS).


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