Author(s): Wortsman X, Jemec GB
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a difficult disease to treat. Surgery may be curative, but just like cancer surgery, it must be complete to effect a cure. Preoperative imaging of hidradenitis lesions is therefore of interest.
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to study the ultrasound characteristics of hidradenitis and compare these to the clinical findings.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Real-time compound imaging ultrasound systems were used (Philips HDI 5000 and iU22) to visualize HS lesions in seven patients and regional controls images from eight healthy volunteers.
RESULTS: Hidradenitis-related features were identified: various fluid collections, increased dermal thickness (mean+/-SD, 3.3+/-1.0 mm vs. 1.4+/-0.3 mm for controls) and lower echogenicity of the skin. In comparison with clinical examination, we were able to identify both subclinical lesions and subclinical extension of lesions into clinically normal looking paralesional skin. Hair follicles appeared distended.
CONCLUSION: A number of HS features can be identified by ultrasound. These features include both actual lesions and possible predisposing factors such as skin thickness and hair follicle morphology. Ultrasonography can identify the true extent of lesions in HS, which may be of use in the preoperative planning.
Dermatology Journal and/or Publisher
Journal Name: Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
Journal Abbreviation: Dermatol Surg
Journal Date Published: 2007-10-25
National Center for Biotechnology Information
Article Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17958586
Lasted Revision: 2016-11-24
Abstract Source: National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine Abstract Query for Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS).