Perifolliculitis capitis abscedens et suffodiens in a caucasian: diagnostic and therapeutic challenge

Hidradenitis suppurativa Research

Author(s): Mihić LL, Tomas D, Situm M, Krolo I, Sebetić K, Sjerobabski-Masnec I, Barišić F

Perifolliculitis capitis abscedens et suffodiens or dissecting cellulitis of the scalp is a rare, chronic destructive folliculitis of the scalp, characterized by painful nodules, purulent drainage, sinus tracts, keloid formation and cicatricial alopecia. The cause of the disease is unknown, but it is similar in many features to hidradenitis suppurativa and acne conglobata. In our case report, the patient’s dermatologic appearance included one slightly erythematous, infiltrated alopecic area with draining lesions in the right parietal part of the scalp with a few alopecic areas in other parts of the scalp. The identification of the infectious agent, repeated swabs and KOH examination/or fungal cultures and tissue sampling for histopathologic analysis were necessary to confirm the diagnosis of perifolliculitis capitis abscedens et suffodiens. The patient received systemic antibiotics (azithromycin and amoxicillin-clavulanate) and oral antimycotic therapy (fluconazole), followed by a long period of oral isotretinoin with local skin care, which led to resolution and thus inhibited the evolution to scarring and nodular stage of the disease. Thus, such combined approach could be useful for other patients with these dermatologic problems.

Dermatology Journal and/or Publisher

Journal Name: Acta dermatovenerologica Croatica : ADC
Journal Abbreviation: Acta Dermatovenerol Croat
Journal Date Published: 2011-06-27

National Center for Biotechnology Information

PMID: 21703156
Article Source:
Lasted Revision: 2013-11-21

Abstract Source: National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine Abstract Query for Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS).


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