Author(s): Wollina U, Tilp M, Meseg A, Schönlebe J, Heinig B, Nowak A
BACKGROUND: Severe anogenital acne inversa (AI) is a debilitating chronic inflammatory disease with a major negative effect on quality of life.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of surgery in the treatment of severe anogenital AI.
METHODS: We analyzed the records of patients with anogenital AI from 2000 to 2010. Assessment was done using the Hidradenitis Suppurativa Lesion, Area, and Severity Index (HS-LASI), pain visual analogue scale, physician global assessment (PhGA), and patient global assessment (PaGA). Comorbidities and adverse events were analyzed.
RESULTS: Sixty-seven patients with a Hurley score of 3 were identified. Mean follow-up was 56.9 ± 41.3 months. A number of comorbidities were observed. After surgery, mean pain scores decreased from 6.3 ± 1.5 to 0.8 ± 0.7, PhGA improved from 6.8 ± 1.2 to 0.9 ± 0.6, PaGA improved from 7.3 ± 1.2 to 1.1 ± 0.5, and HS-LASI decreased from 41.8 ± 21.3 to 2.4 ± 2.8. Adverse reactions were seen in 10.4%. The total relapse rate was 6% (5 patients) with only one case with healing by secondary intention (2% of 49 patients).
CONCLUSIONS: Surgery is the cornerstone of treatment for advanced AI. Healing by secondary intention results in significant reduction of complaints and achieves satisfying body contouring.
Dermatology Journal and/or Publisher
Journal Name: Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
Journal Abbreviation: Dermatol Surg
Journal Date Published: 2012-01-06
National Center for Biotechnology Information
Article Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22092781
Lasted Revision: 2012-01-06
Abstract Source: National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine Abstract Query for Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS).