Effective modified conservative tissue preserving protocol to treat stage I axillary hidradenitis suppurativa: A prospective cohort study of 627 patients with five years follow-up


Journal: J Dermatolog Treat 2016 Dec;:1-19

Author(s): Shirah BH, Shirah HA

BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic inflammatory cutaneous disorder that involves the infundibular terminal follicles in areas rich in apocrine glands and associated with the formation of abscesses and fistulating sinus. The clinical course is variable, and definitive evidence-based guidelines for the management are not well-established. Conservative treatment is controversial, and surgical excision is the recommended method. Herein, we aim to analyze the results of a modified conservative tissue preserving management protocol for stage I axillary hidradenitis suppurativa.

METHODS: A prospective cohort study of the results of 627 patients who were diagnosed and treated for stage I axillary hidradenitis suppurativa between January 2001 and December 2010 was done. 349 (55.7%) were females, and 278 (44.3%) were males. The modified conservative treatment protocol consisted of three times per day washing the affected area with antibacterial soap, application of warm compresses for 10 minutes, followed by application of topical sodium fusidate 2% ointment (fusidic acid), with abstinence of armpits shaving during the treatment period.

RESULTS: 461 (73.5%) patients had complete healing within two weeks, 127 (20.3%) within three weeks, 39 (6.2%) within four weeks. The recurrence rate was 5.9% (37 patients) in which all patients were retreated conservatively and had complete healing, none required surgical intervention.

CONCLUSION: We conclude that hidradenitis suppurativa continues to be a challenging disease for patients and physicians. Tissue preserving conservative method using the fusidic acid ointment for treating stage I axillary hidradenitis suppurativa showed a promising result. Further research should be conducted on the optimal treatment regimen.

Dermatology Journal and/or Publisher

Journal Name: The Journal of dermatological treatment
Journal Abbreviation: J Dermatolog Treat
Journal Volume: , Issue:
Journal Date Published: 2016-12-16

National Center for Biotechnology Information

PMI ID: 27981857
Article: Source Link
Created: 2016-12-16

Abstract Source: National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine Abstract Query for “Hidradenitis suppurativa”


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