Author(s): Pavlovsky M, Sarig O, Eskin-Schwartz M, Malchin N, Bochner R, Mohamad J, Gat A, Peled A, Hafner A, Sprecher E
BACKGROUND: Dowling-Degos disease (DDD), featuring reticulate pigmentation, and familial hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) share many clinical features including autosomal dominant inheritance, flexural location and follicular defects. The coexistence of the two disorders was recently found to result from mutations in PSENEN, encoding the γ-secretase subunit protein presenilin enhancer.
OBJECTIVES: To investigate PSENEN mutations in a series of four unrelated patients who presented with combined DDD and HS.
METHODS: Mutation and haplotype analysis of PSENEN by polymerase chain reaction, and cellular assays investigating the Notch signalling pathway.
RESULTS: Here we report four families of Jewish Ashkenazi origin who presented with clinical features characteristic of both disorders. All patients were found to carry the same, heterozygous mutation in PSENEN (c.168T>G, p.Y56X). Haplotype analysis revealed that the mutation originated from a common ancestor. Genes associated with DDD, as well as HS, have been shown to encode important regulators of Notch signalling. Accordingly, using a reporter assay, we demonstrated decreased Notch activity in a patient’s keratinocytes.
CONCLUSIONS: The present data confirm the genetic basis of the combined DDD-HS phenotype and suggest that Notch signalling may play a central role in the pathogenesis of this rare condition.
Dermatology Journal and/or Publisher
Journal Name: The British journal of dermatology
Journal Abbreviation: Br. J. Dermatol.
Journal Date Published:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
Article Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28922471
Lasted Revision: 2018-02-14
Abstract Source: National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine Abstract Query for Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS).